Last Letter of Chief Petty Officer Yukio Harada to His Parents
At 0840 on March 11, 1945, when the Azusa Special Attack Unit was first
beginning to take off from Kanoya Naval Air Base, Chief Petty Officer Yukio
Harada wrote his final letter on his own handkerchief. The name of Azusa Special
Attack Unit came from the farewell poem of Kusunoki Masatsura, who was a general
in the Nanbokuchō Period (1336-1392) and the heir of Kusunoki Masashige.
The Azusa Special Attack Unit, which would not return again, was formed with
24 land-based Ginga bombers (Allied code name of Frances) and 72 men. With fuel
for only one way, they flew 1,600 nautical miles (about 2,930 kilometers), which
took more than ten hours. It was a special attack unit that clearly indicated
that they would carry out taiatari (body-crashing) attacks.
Like an arrow that does not return when released from an azusa
(catalpa) bow used by a female medium in order to remove vengeful ghosts, there
would be an attack at Ulithi Atoll in the western Caroline Islands. This was
designated the Kikusui Corps Azusa Special Attack Unit.
Thinking that I will not return, I place my name among those killed by
the azusa (catalpa) bow.
(farewell poem by Kusunoki Masatsura)
Chief Petty Officer Yukio Harada's last letter is translated below:
Dear Father and Mother,
Today, I also who am unworthy have been named a Special Attack Corps
member, which no desire of a young man can exceed. Living for an eternal
noble cause, I will crash into the anchored enemy American fleet in the
Pacific Ocean in order to protect Shinshū  for
I appreciate very much your great kindnesses.
Please give my regards to the Mizuno family.
Yukio Harada grew up in Okayama Prefecture and died at age 22. He joined the
6th Hei Class of the Navy's Yokaren (Preparatory Flight Training Program), and
after training he became a member of the 262nd Attack Hikōtai.
Letter translated by Bill Gordon
The letter and biographical information on this page come from Kanoya Kōkū Kichi Shiryōkan Renraku Kyōgikai
See Masami Jinno's
kōgekitai (Azusa special attack unit) (2000) for additional
1. Shinshū signifies Japan in this context.
Kanoya Kōkū Kichi Shiryōkan Renraku Kyōgikai (Kanoya Naval
Air Base Museum Coordinating Committee). 2003. Kokoro no sakebi (Cries
of the heart). Kanoya, Kagoshima Prefecture: Kanoya Kōkū Kichi Shiryōkan