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Deep Blue: From Chiran
Special Attack Air Base

Last Diary Entries of Corporal Tsugihiko Adachi

On April 6, 1945, Corporal Tsugihiko Adachi took off from Chiran Air Base and died in a special (suicide) attack west of Okinawa at the age of 19. He was a member of the 44th Shinbu Special Attack Squadron and piloted an Army Hayabusa Type 1 Fighter (Allied code name of Oscar). After his death in a special attack, he received a promotion to Second Lieutenant. He was from Ōita Prefecture and was a member of the 12th Class of the Army's Youth Pilot (Shōhi) Program.

He wrote the following final diary entries on the day before and on the day of his assignment to a special attack unit:

February 6, Tuesday

I read Japanese Army history. I learned about the Imperial Army's heroic traditions and great spirit during the country's founding. I was filled anew with deep emotion. When I think about it, the current Greater East Asia War is the realization of that great ideal. Thus, the war situation now is at its most perilous point. It is a heavy and great responsibility for us. We must strenuously exert ourselves. We must strive with a fighting spirit overflowing with fervor.

Corporal Tabuchi departed to Kanamaru for exercises. Depending on future changes, we will be assigned to the OO [1] battle that we have desired for several years. When I think that in the near future will be the day when I am on the front line, I am filled with a feeling where my blood tingles with excitement. I absolutely will display always a man's spirit. And now, I will live in the great spirit of the Imperial Army's traditions, and I offer my life for those traditions. An ancient person said, "If there are hardships, there will be pleasure." At the present time in the Empire, we are in the midst of those hardships. We are in great distress. There may even be grumbling that arises. It is fine to grumble. If there is grumbling, it will not be as one hopes. The more one grumbles, the harder it will be. There will be great distress. In the midst of that, certainly spring will come when flowers will bloom. That day will be the realization of the great ideal of the country's founding. What we enjoy today are those days of hardship. Those hardships will not disappear during my lifetime. They will continue for untold ages.

Based on great ideal of universal brotherhood [2]
I will go smiling to southern seas

February 7, Wednesday

Ordinary days have ended.

Today I received an order to participate in the Army Special Attack Corps. I am greatly moved by passion in my life. There is nothing that surpasses this as a young man's long-cherished desire that he is zealous to achieve. After this I will stop my entries.

Diary entries translated by Bill Gordon
February 2020

The diary entries and biographical information come from Chiran Kōjo Nadeshiko Kai (1996, 57-8). The biographical information in the first paragraph comes from Chiran Kōjo Nadeshiko Kai (1996, 57), Chiran Tokkō Irei Kenshō Kai (2005, 214), and Osuo (2005, 197).


1. OO indicates information that was a military secret and could not be included in the diary.

2. The phase is hakkō ichiu, which literally means "all eight corners of the world under one roof." This phrase signified "universal brotherhood."

Sources Cited

Chiran Kōjo Nadeshiko Kai (Chiran Girls High School Nadeshiko Association), ed. 1996. Gunjō: Chiran tokkō kichi yori (Deep blue: From Chiran special attack air base). Originally published in 1979. Kagoshima City: Takishobō.

Chiran Tokkō Irei Kenshō Kai (Chiran Special Attack Memorial Society), ed. 2005. Konpaku no kiroku: Kyū rikugun tokubetsu kōgekitai chiran kichi (Record of departed spirits: Former Army Special Attack Corps Chiran Base). Revised edition, originally published in 2004. Chiran Town, Kagoshima Prefecture: Chiran Tokkō Irei Kenshō Kai.

Osuo, Kazuhiko. 2005. Tokubetsu kōgekitai no kiroku (rikugun hen) (Record of special attack corps (Army)). Tōkyō: Kōjinsha.