LCS 118 moored at
Panama in January 1946
LCS 118: A Radar Picket Patrol
by Earl Blanton GM-3C
This story comes from
LCS(L) Landing Craft Support (Large) (1995, 51). Earl Blanton is author of the book
Boston——to Jacksonville (41,000 Miles by
Sea) about the LCS 118. He also designed the
LCS(L) 118 Memorial Plaque (photograph at bottom of page) at the
National Museum of the Pacific War
in Fredericksburg, Texas. The following excerpt from the plaque
summarizes the accomplishments of the 130 LCS(L)s during the Pacific War:
These gunboats are credited with the destruction or assisting in the
destruction of over 148 Japanese aircraft, 36 suicide boats, 13 barges and
small craft and for numerous shore bombardments and landings. They rescued
2,635 seamen while on salvage, fire fighting and support duty for 21
stricken ships hit or sunk by kamikaze attacks, but not without a heavy
price. Five ships lost to enemy action and one to grounding. Twenty-four
others damaged by suicide attacks and shore fire with 431 killed and
wounded. Three ships were awarded the Presidential Unit Citation and eight
the Navy Unit Commendation.
The LCS 118 was awarded the Navy Unit Commendation for "invaluable service
and devotion to duty" including the actions described in this story.
It was a glorious sunrise. The clouds were every color of the rainbow and the
East China Sea was smooth as glass except for a light ground swell. It was
Friday, May 4, 1945. The LCS(L) 118 was on patrol at radar picket station
12 some 30 miles northwest of point Bolo, Okinawa. The peaceful scene, however
was deceiving, for the LCS 118 was not on a vacation cruise.
Twenty-five miles to the south, less than 10 hours earlier, the destroyer
Aaron Ward had been hit by no less than 10 Kamikazes and was barely afloat.
Her companion, USS Little was sunk and the LCS 25 damaged. Two
other LCSs, the 14 and 83 were rescuing survivors and fighting off
Twenty-five miles to the north, ships on radar picket station 14 were under
air attack. The Japanese were staging another two-day mass suicide attack. The
Japanese offense was named Operation Ten-go, and individual attacks were called
"Kikusui" meaning floating chrysanthemums. Ten of these concentrated suicidal
efforts would be made during the Okinawa campaign sinking or damaging over 100
ships and killing or wounding some 10,000 seamen.
The crew of the LCS 118 had been at general quarters most of the night
and all guns were manned and ready. The destroyer Luce (DD-522) was
slightly ahead and to port. The LSM(R) 190 and LCS 81 and LCS
84 patrolled nearby. The time was 0804. Suddenly, without warning, Japanese
planes were swarming all over us! The Japs, with no less than 21 aircraft, had
somehow slipped through the CAP patrol and we were caught in a massive suicide
attack. The Luce opened fire on two planes, shooting one down. CAP planes
following the Japs in, were engaged in dog fights all over. At 0810 the first
suicide dove on the Luce, the near miss knocked out her power supply
nearly disabling her. We opened fire with our 40 mm's on the second Kamikaze and
hits were seen, but even afire and a wing shot off, he crashed the Luce
amidships and to port. We fired all the way to impact, our last rounds passing
between the Luce's stacks as she exploded into a huge fireball. The air
was filled with smoke and flame, tracers were everywhere. A plane crashed off
our stern skipping across the sea in a fireball, downed by a Navy Corsair.
Further astern, the LSM(R) 190 was under attack, a suicide missed, then
another and still another. The fourth crashed into her stern followed by another
miss and another hit with violent explosions.
At 0819 as the Luce quickly sank by the stern, a twin engine "Betty"
bomber crossed our bow and turning started a suicide run on us. Two Corsairs
went after her but were unable to score. The Betty, only about 25 feet above the
water, was closing fast. We opened up with all guns that would bear and the
Corsairs flared off as to say "she's all yours boys and good luck." Even though
hits were observed, smoke trailing from one engine and slightly yawing, she came
on. The Plexiglas "greenhouse" nose of the Betty was at eye level and you could
see the Japs inside. It appeared we were surely doomed when multiple hits from
the 20's and 40's exploded an engine and bought her down to crash barely 100
yards in front of the ship! The Betty did not explode and instantly sank. The
ship, running at flank speed, passed through the foaming and boiling water where
she had crashed. Had the Betty's bombs exploded the LCS 118 would have
been history. Some would later say that they heard or felt the ship's hull
strike something as we passed the site.
The sea was covered with a heavy oil slick from the Luce. Survivors
dotted the water, some floated dead, all covered with oil, burned, torn and
bleeding. Unexpected underwater explosions took place, the Luce's boilers
or depth charges had blown causing more concussion injuries among those in the
Lt. Peter F. Gilmore, captain of the LCS 118, commenced a rescue
operation and we were able to save 114 including 10 officers and the Luce's
captain. The LCS 81 picked up another 81 survivors and chased off sharks
with small arms fire.
Meanwhile a short distance away the LSM was sinking by the stern, only a
portion of the bow stood clear of the water. The LCS 84 rescued 47 men
and six officers from the stricken LSM.
Many individual acts of courage and heroism took place that day, most to
never be acknowledged or recorded. At least two men from the LCS 118,
Charles R. Shirley MOMM 3c and Harry C. Zurowski S 2c, jumped overboard to aid
The stretcher cases had been taken to the crew's mess and were being treated
by our pharmacist mate, Albert J. Silva and others. Many suffered from severe
shock and trauma. At least 23 were badly burned, had simple and compound
fractures, and other injuries. Some of the rescued were beyond help and died
aboard. Later Ed Churgovich would comment, "I bet those guys off the Luce
thought they had been picked up by a ship manned by pharmacist mates." "Why is
that," I asked? "Because everybody on the ship was injecting them with
morphine," he said. This was true, all of the first aid battle kits were opened
and the morphine syrette were administered by the crew freely.
By 0945, only one hour and 41 minutes since the attack began, we were
underway at flank speed to Dodger Harbor to discharge our survivors. However we
received orders to transfer the badly wounded to DMS 29 (Henry A. Wiley)
that had been dispatched to the area. Underway again another message ordered us
to transfer the remaining survivors to APD 15 (Kitty) and return to
Once the survivors were off the ship an extensive cleanup began. The crew not
on gun watch or in critical positions set about restoring our ship to
habitability and combat readiness. Oil and blood soaked blankets, bandages,
clothing and medical debris was disposed of. All blankets on the ship had been
pressed into service for the survivors' comfort and many left the ship still
wrapped in them to combat shock. Very few of the blankets left aboard, even
after many washings, remained usable.
Shortly after noon the Wiley was ordered to assume the Luce's place and
resume patrol. The survivors passed to the Wiley from the LCSs were again
transferred, this time to the APD 15 (Kitty). When the DMS commenced the
patrol the LCS 118 along with the LCS 81 and LCS 84 fell in
single file. Later that night the PMG 9 arrived with a fresh cargo of
replacement medical supplies for the LCSs which was transferred at sea. The
PGM 9 joined the patrol.
We hoped the worst was over but we were under constant stress and went to GQ
numerous times. Twice the destroyer opened up with her five inch guns on Japs as
close as three miles but the bogies failed to come in reach of our 40 mm's. The
harassment continued on through the next day and night until we were finally
relieved on Sunday, May 6, and we returned to Dodger Harbor for ammo, diesel
fuel, supplies and we hoped, some sleep. And so ended another radar picket
patrol for the USS LCS(L) 118.
Click to enlarge
LCS(L) 118 Memorial Plaque at
National Museum of the Pacific War